|Casting a Kamen Rider Fist|
Making my own Jumbo Machinder ToysI've recently become quite enamored with the idea of making my own Jumbo Machinders. More than what we think of as a "Custom" (that's when you take an existing Shogun Warrior and modify it to either be more like it's more-detailed Popy cousin or use the basic available torsos, arms and legs to make new Jumbos by adding a custom head or other bits), I've been thinking of making my own JMs. I started thinking about this again after receiving some reproduction bits from Wesley Bourne (Bourno's Jumbo Works) and Derik Larson (Shogun Plastics) - the quality of the castings and materials were quite superior to what was available when I first started to think about making my own items. You can follow my exploit as they occur on John's Toys Facebook Page.
This has evolved over the years - initially the poly resins that were readily available were too fragile and difficult to work with - I had taken a foray into them about a dozen years ago and basically gave up on them - either the detail was too lacking or the output was so fragile a drop on the tabletop would cause a break or chip. The cast pieces were more like model kit plastics but brittle - also there's a constant fight against air pockets and surface bubbles requiring lots of clean up, filler and paint. To me, to make a JM I needed plastics that could hold up to handling during play (at least light play) which would require a resiliency like the blow molded polyethelenes and PVCs used today in large production. Also, I would want to be able to color the output so I didn't have to rely on the pain chipping or wearing off.
With the above in mind I started researching what was available and asking questions of those that are currently doing JM repro parts - I've also made a few friends along the way. So I ended up watching a lot of online tutorials and had come to a few conclusions:
- The plastics needed are now available. It would require a mix of various types - some softer that are more like vinyl. Some harder and very durable more like PVC, and something in-between.
- To get really accurate castings will require two pieces of equipment - the first is a vacuum pot (this removes the trapped air in the silicone so you don't get bad molds); the second is a pressure pot - you place the "cooking" castings in the pot and apply pressure which forces any trapped air out of the casting (also a reason to have molds that don't have bubbles in them as the trapped air can break the mold or distort the mold so the casting isn't right).
- The techniques are a mix of roto-casting and straight-up mold-casting. The latter is what it sounds like and something I've done in the past for small parts. The former is a technique of adding layers of liquid resin to a mold and spinning it around to build-up the thickness. This latter is also the way to most accurately approximate the blow-mold techniques used by Popy, Bullmark and others in making JMs.
There are several articles on converting a Paint Pressure Pot from Harbor Freight into a casting pressure pot so I started with that. I waited until it went on sale and then used a 25% off coupon so ended up buying the unit for about $50 at the local Harbor Freight. Right now it's still sitting in the box - there are some mods that I need to do and I may add a heater to the bottom (this speeds up and improves the casting). I'm going to leave this for the most accurate part creation so I'm deferring it for now.
|Harbor Freight Vacuum Paint Pot|
The second item I sourced was a vacuum chamber - there were several articles online about making your own from PVC, using it for both vacuum and pressure, but I deferred on this. I simply didn't want to risk the chance of a mess and really the cost of the pressure pot (above) and the vacuum kit I ended up buying wasn't too bad. Since I would have had to buy a vacuum pump anyway (something that can get to 29 bars of pressure), buying a kit that included the pot and bits was quite reasonable. My searches found this unit on eBay that works quite well for me. Here's a link to the seller - I bought the two gallon unit - I think in retrospect I should have bought the 3.7. Costs was less than $130.
In the meanwhile I started sourcing plastics and defaulted to what I know - ordering a few items from Smooth-On (they were sample kits). I also began a dialog with others making parts that ended up as an hour-long conversation with Wesley Bourne who arguably is doing some of the finest JM reproduction work. I've also exchanged lots of instant messages with Rudy Albarran (Robo Werks Customs) who is producing some remarkable custom items. The conversations with these two have been invaluable in correcting some of my mistakes as I've progressed AND they've been awesome in recommending different plastics to try for different effects (harder, softer, etc). More on that later.
The third task was to find some space in my shop - it's a very cramped spaced setup for woodworking and in the beginning I cleared off my primary bench (behind a tablesaw) but ultimately cleared off my carving bench for sculpting and eventually for airbrushing. This ended up taking quite a bit of effort and time, to finally put back several items that have been overflowing on surfaces and reorganizing equipment so there's enough room. I drape plastic over surfaces to prevent too much dust from penetrating into the plastics and rubbers - but right now it's still too cramped and "trippy" so there's more work to do.
So once I got things setup and had both plastics (resin) and rubbers (silicone) to work with I decided to start experimenting. My friend John Vang had mentioned that there was a need for the LJN Commander Voltron Sword - this was something provided in the US version of GoLion but unavailable to the foreign market. Since I had one I figured this would make a good first test.
To do this type of casting you build up walls (they can be made of polymer-clay - this is clay that doesn't dry-out/harden and doesn't have sulfur in it like natural clay, which impedes the curing of platinum-activated silicone) and a foundation being careful of seams.
|Building the mold chamber from polymer clay|
|Keys are added (the round indents) so the mold doesn't move during curing|
|Silicone casting mix is added after vacuuming|
|First half of mold completed|
|Second half poured - air holes made with bits of wire|
|Second Half Poured|
|Halves with excellent detail retention|
|First Successful Cast using Injection using Smooth-On 65D|
|Second "Successful" cast using SRC Slow Activated Resin|
While experimenting with the sword I also began mold making of the two fists that came with a Popy Kamen Rider V3 figure - these would be reused for my custom figure. I also started molding a head for the figure using reference photos. The idea is to create a "blank" set of custom molds that could be slightly modified for several different figures - at least that's the idea. I would begin by copying the Kamen Rider figure but working down the chest padding so the figure would have more natural proportions - then adding bits for each custom figure). That's the theory anyway.
Sot he process is similar to what I did on the sword. I'm using Smooth-On Sorta Clear 40 which is a transparent silicone for mold making with a shore hardness of 40 (pretty stiff).
|First Half of Mold Poured|
|Building up the clay|
|Mold Cavity Made|
|Second Half Poured|
|Empty Mold - kinda neat, huh?|
|Three coats of resin|
|Oops on the Trimming!|
As you can see I ended up breaking part of the cast while trimming. I learned a few things with this attempt:
- I should have used keys in the mold - I got interrupted (someone actually knocked on the door of all things) and forgot to add them before pouring the second half of the mold. While the cast isn't too bad there is a little shift in the mold line that will probably bug me until I redo the mold. I'm leaving it as is for now.
- I used way too much resin - there's three "fills" in there and it's quite gloopy inside the cavity. I started with too much and then made the walls too thick with three applications - next time I'm trying less and using two.
- I need to be more patient in cutting away the flashing - I basically just "wasted" this cast.
- The white (two drops of white added) is a bit whiter than the original blow-mold but I like it!
|First cast top, second cast bottom|
|Discoloration - make sure you mix the pigment well!|
|Original left, 2nd cast right|
|Compare: Original L, 1st cast center, 2nd cast R|
|Compare: Original L, 1st cast center, 2nd cast R|
|First Half clayed|
|First Half Mold Box (see the keys?)|
|First Half Cast|
|Second Half Cast|
|2 layers of resin (used a bit too much)|
|Comparison - originals on left, repros on right|
|Note the differences in the whites|
General Lessons Learned so Far
- Molds are Expensive - the main cost to this "hobby" is the mold making materials. A gallon of Sorta Clear 40 runs about $150 plus shipping (I can buy it at The Engineer Guy in Atlanta but it's almost an hour away and I have to pay tax). I'm trying the SRC Cast-a-Mold Platinum silicone at $110 per gallon and will report on it once it arrives. I used about a gallon of silicone to make the two fists and the swords. To produce a whole figure I'm thinking 5 more gallons just for the basic figure. This isn't a hobby to get into if you're on a tight budget and I can totally understand why the other customizers (Wes, Rudy and Derik) charge what they do. I've never complained but I know others do - what they do is worth it's weight in gold, in my opinion.
- Roto-casting is Relatively Inexpensive - thus far the fists have required only a couple of ounces to make. The 65D from Smooth-On is $85 per gallon, the SRC is $67 per gallon. You end up using very little resin for this method and the results are very good.
- Injection molding - the way to get super accurate results on complex casting is using injection molding - you basically draw resin into a fat syringe (I initially used one made for glue then found the 60mm catheter syringes on Amazon that work very well) and inject into a tapered port. You do need adequate air-venting so the resin flows into all areas of the mold.
- The materials are basically odorless as they don't contain any solvents or VOCs. Actually the mold release has the most obnoxious odor - I'm going to try talcum powder in the future.
- This is actually quite fun and challenging. It's relatively easy to get started and getting the 80-90% results doesn't take much effort. Going above that and getting really professional results takes a lot more patience, research, process and experience. I guess it's like anything else.
Final WordsI've also begun sculpting the head - thus far the polymer clay isn't working for me. I may have to sculpt using sulfer-based clay and cast masters using Tin-Cured silicone. A bit of a pain but unless I can find a better medium that's what I'm thinking of doing. That's it for now - next article on Making My Own Jumbos will be on 3D Printing.
You can follow my exploit as they occur on John's Toys Facebook Page.